A thorough veterinary examination will help detect any abnormalities so that they may be treated promptly.
The following checks are performed during our post-natal exam.
- Placenta – Has all the placenta been expelled and is it intact ?
- Meconium – Has the foal passed its meconium or is it straining to defecate ?
- Nursing – Is the foal up and nursing adequately? Is the mare producing enough milk ?
- Umbilicus – Is the umbilicus dry ? or is it moist and dripping ?
- Limbs – Are there any angular limb deformities present ? If so, are they mild or severe ? Do they require immediate attention?
- Hernias – Are any hernias present ? If so, how big ? Do they require immediate attention.
- Eyes – Any entropion present ? (inverted eyelids that can cause severe corneal ulceration and require prompt veterinary attention
- TPR – Temperature Check, Pulse/Heart Check (any murmurs present?), Respiration Check (do the lungs sound clear ?). Mucus membranes check – Are they moist and pink ? Yellow ? Dry ?
- Tetanus – Did the mare receive a tetanus booster 3-4weeks prior to foaling ? If not, the foal will require a vaccination.
- IgG Test – Will determine if the foal received adequate transfer of antibodies through the colostrum ? If not, a plasma transfusion may be required.